Brachyphyta (lit. "short plants") is a clade of plant derived from the Caulophyta branch of chemophytes.
When the climate cooled with the loss of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, the center of the once marshy super continent became drier. A number of caulophytes then adapted for this new environment, replacing much of the forests with vast steppes.
These short plants are also distinguished by the fact that their meristem is buried in the ground, to prevent terminal stunting of photosynthesis.